This I joined my Friend Marissa who is also blogger who blogs Thermofan for this … A great deli has a great rye bread for sandwiches, am I right? You are welcome - I'm happy that you like the recipe. You can place a larger potion of the white flour with whole-grain flour. This is also the way I like to work in my kitchen. Hasselnød Kage Med Nougatcreme – Hazelnut Cake With Nougat Cream, http://scandinavianbutik.com/product/dansukker-dark-baking-syrup/, Birkes, Thebirkes, Københavnerbirkes, Grovbirkes - dear child has many names, 12 Days of Christmas - Risengrød - Rice Porridge, Lagkage Med Friske Hindbær – Layered Cake With Raspberries, Easy Lagkagebunde – Cakes For Layered Cake. No, it’s a Danish dark syrup that I buy online, although, I think it would be ok if you used Molasses. I used a Danish size 13 x 4 x 4 inch (33 x 10 x 10 cm) and an American size 9 x 6 x 3 inch (22 x 15 x 7 cm). Really easy to make and a great taste. How to Make Real-Deal Danish Rye Bread, the Heartiest Loaf of Them All. Mix it in the evening and bake it the next day. Thank you for all your sourdough … Once flour is fully incorporated, increase mixer speed to medium-high and mix for 6 minutes. When it’s ten degrees outside you only want one of a few things: 1) a cup of hot coffee and light the fireplace, 2) a big bowl of homemade minestrone with a crunchy slice of sourdough bread, or 3) go outside for approximately 2 minutes while the dog runs through the snow, be thankful for a warm home, and promptly return indoors. The starter contributes certain acids to the dough which help neutralize some of the negative effects of the enzymes that can cause the bread … Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Category: bread, Ingredients: Sourdough is a living organism and behaves a little differently, including by temperature. 5. Total Time: 1 hour and 45 minutes I personally use both types of recipes - they are both great. My starting point for this recipe was Sune Trudslev’s Danish rye bread recipe. However, it is quite easy to substitute the sour dough with normal yeast. It's worth the wait though. I could have just as easily called it Swedish Rye Bread or Aroma Therapy Bread for that matter (takes the coveted baking bread smell to another level). Molasses? Absolutely love this Danish Rye loaf, easy to follow recipe and so much fun baking it. The bread turned out moist and super delicious, yet you have the wonderful chew of the seeds. Bake the bread for about 1 hour and 15 minutes. Do you have one of those small meat thermometers? Thanks for sharing this. If you don't want to keep and take care of a sourdough, this is the way to go. Pour into oiled pan and smooth top of dough. Brush top of dough with an oil/water mixture and bake in a 400 degrees F preheated oven for 1 hour 15 minutes. The condensation inside the bag will help soften the hard outer crust. It’s a little bit like fermented oatmeal that you can slice and toast. It is actually pretty easy to make a homemade rye bread … You now have My daughter is allergic to milk. One of the most flavorful yet still-versatile breads, this rye is equally fantastic toasted and buttered for breakfast, or as the foundation of an open-faced sandwich at lunchtime. Add drained cracked rye. If you don't want to keep and take care of a sourdough, this is the way to go. And if you’re not into sourdough baking, no problem, I cover the instant yeast version as well. The special about this recipe is that it do not require a Sour Dough which is a very typical, and for some people a very important, ingredient. RYE BREAD SOURDOUGH STARTER Day 1: Ingredients. Contains less … Nov 16, 2015 - Danes loves their rye bread. Thanks. Combine all … When I make Danish rye at home, I use a sourdough starter which is the traditional way to make it. The special about this recipe is that it do not require a, Danish Chicken and Asparagus Tartlets (Tarteletter) ». Danish rugbrød is healthy, full of texture and loaded with flavor. Bake the bread for 90 minutes, remove the bread from the pan, and wrap the loaf in a clean kitchen … I plan to bake it this week and let you know how I make out. Once you put the bread in the oven, lower the temperature to 160 C (320 F) and bake the bread for 1 hour and 15 minutes. …even ones which are able to be shipped online. I absolutely love it. I’m interested in making “authentic” Danish rye bread as a surprise for a Danish friend living in the states, but having never been to Denmark I am at a loss as to which recipe I’ve come across online is the most “real”. Take a small amount of the 7 dl warm water, maybe 2 dl or so (6 fluid oz), place into a small dish and make sure the temperature is between 100-110 degrees F (37-43 degrees C). You can also make 3 smaller loafs of bread with this recipe, using smallers loaf pans. This bread requires a sour dough. But I substitute the sourdough starter (I used my rye and wheat flour starter), use a fewer amount of seeds or kernels, and dark syrup instead of malt syrup.. Sourdough in Rye Bread. Brush the top of the bread with some water and sprinkle with sunflower or pumpkin seeds. I know that it can be difficult to get fresh yeast some places in the world. How to Make No-Knead Sourdough Rye Bread The first rise takes 12-18 hours, so it’s best to start this the evening, the day before you want fresh bread. If you have any experience with dry yeast and rye bread I would love to hear from you in the comment section below. Preheat the oven to 200 C (400 F). Few months ago I was looking for baking bread WITHOUT using sourdough. 7. The rye bread dough should be quite sticky. Posted in Bread, Danish | Tagged brød, bread, cracked rye kernels, Danish, dansk, dark rye flour, flour, rugbrød, rye, rye bread, surdej, uden surdej, whole wheat | 14 Comments. Until fairly recently any person who expressed concern about the destruction of … Dough rising in bowl x 2 hours. To make the starter: Mix all of the ingredients together in the bowl of an electric mixer.Cover and let sit for 14 to 16 hours at room temperature. Add rye flour, apple cider vinegar, vegetable oil, carraway seeds and salt. In a large bowl; add the lukewarm water and dissolve the fresh yeast. Do you have an oven thermometer so that you can check the actual temperature in the oven? I tried it and it has been fantastic. But I substitute the sourdough starter (I used my rye and wheat flour starter), use fewer seeds or kernels, and dark syrup instead of malt syrup.. Sourdough in Rye Bread. Sometimes you just don't have a couple of days to bake your bread, this can be made as a overnight bread. RYE BREAD SOURDOUGH STARTER Day 1: Ingredients. If your jar is becoming full, spoon half the mix out of the jar and continue. By Kim Nielsen. brilliant recipe: superb bread texture and flavours could not be bettered, and so simple to make. You can with advantage use a kitchen machine for this kneading step. Hi Laura, Did you substitute rolled oats for cracked rye 1:1? In a large bowl; dissolve the fresh yeast in the lukewarm water Anyways, it turned out fabulous!! TAK på forhånd, Hi Dora. pumpkin seeds, for decoration. Here is a super simple version that cuts the fermentation time down to as a little as 24 hours without the need … Some people who are sensitive to gluten are able to tolerate In some cases, you will use yeast but with a sourdough rye bread like this you use a sourdough starter that has natural yeast. Merry Christmas. After baking allow bread to cool to a slightly warm temperature. I made rye bread today using your recipe here and it turned out delicious. … Prep Time: 20 minutes. Ingredients: 12-15 g live Now you need a warm spot to allow the dough to rise and in the summertime that may not be a problem, but your house may not be very warm during the winter. Hi, If I grind whole rye berries a little bit, does this the same as the cracked rye kernels? It’s been cold here in New Mexico, like really, really cold. Asha. To make the bread: Place all the ingredients into your bread machine bucket in the order recommended by the manufacturer; this recipe is appropriate for 1 1/2-pound to 2-pound machine. I used oil as you said! Cover the bowl with plastic film and dot a few holes so the dough can breathe. Aug 13, 2019 - Danes loves their rye bread. I added 2 more cups of all purpose flour and that still wasn't enough but I was tired and swollen and cranky (95 degree weather while 8 months pregnant will do that) so I said oh well and threw it on the pan in the best loaf shape i could get it and figured it was a lost cause. Sourdough bread always amazes me when I see the finished product. Then, later I thought that it was important to read your recipes on Rogbrod WITH sourdough. When I make Danish rye at home, I use a sourdough starter which is the traditional way to make it. However, the facts are just the opposite. Danish rye bread recipe. Hello Kim, I love your recipes and can’t wait to start making them. I use active dry yeast, 4.5 tsp. This is a delicious and nutritious wholegrain loaf. As I mentioned, pure rye can lead to a very dense bread. After this kneading, set the dough aside and let it rise for about one hour. Put the tin in the oven on a baking sheet so the bread is in the middle of the oven. A great bread without the hassle of making and maintaining a Sourdough starter. Rye's unique qualities can make it challenging to use in a bread recipe. When you say “dark syrup”, what does that mean? What’s not to like. Sourdough works primarily in the same way as yeast; namely, it causes the bread to rise. Thank you so much for posting this recipe!! Add all the different types of flour and mix everything using a wooden spoon or a kitchen machine. I love rye bread, but don’t have the time or energy to do the sourdough starter right now. your own Pins on Pinterest This is my favorite rye bread recipe of all time. Recipe. Spray with more water if it sticks. Rugbrød simply means “rye bread” in Danish. Divide the dough equally between the two prepared bread pans (approx 3/4 full). I just have one problem, it takes me about 3 hours to bake. I have just discovered this forum, but I have made my own Danish rye bread for years, and I just couldn't live without it. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. I just made this Rye Bread in a loaf pan with another loaf pan turned over and clipped to the top (Poor Man’s Dutch Oven) as taught to me by Steve Gamelin my favorite baker of NO Knead Bread on YouTube. Using the dough hook start mixing on medium-low speed. No Sourdough starter needed! Nov 7, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by Rachel Bassler. It’s a small enclosed space and if you turn on the oven to 200 degrees for 30 seconds and then shut the heat off, it will be enough heat to turn the oven into a little warm space for the dough. Kim, thank you so much for this recipe. This time I decided to try this Light Rye and wheat Sourdough Bread. 250 g rye flour 200 g water 200 g beer (or fresh apple juice) 30 g honey (optional) Instructions. We only have access to whole rye berries, do you recommend to soak them before mixing with other ingredients and if so then for how long?Concerned otherwise it will be too hard for the bread texture. Then add whole wheat flour and dark rye flour in 1/3 increments, scraping down sides as you go along. That is a good question I have never tried using whole rye berries. Try CPH Cooking Class’s simple Danish rye bread recipe for a rye sourdough starter and baked loaf. Before baking, pierce the dough with a thin skewer 15-20 times. 200 g (7 oz) whole wheat flour I don’t think it would alter the taste that much. Place cracked rye into a bowl and pour some boiling water over, enough to cover. Sometimes you just don't have a couple of days to bake your bread, this can be made as a overnight bread. I've yearned for my rugbrød for seven years now, and finally found a recipe I can share with my husband and children on an everyday basis. Scrape down sides of bowl, cover with a clean, dry tea towel and place in a warm location to rise for 2 hours. This is a recipe for probably the most famous type of bread in Denmark. I would even say that this bread could easily get the same amount of points in a blind-taste-test among Danish people. I'm happy that you like this recipe. This loaf has become a family favorite. Gradually mix in 2 cups rye flour and 1 cup of all-purpose flour (if using). This recipe contains 100% whole rye. However, I have not tested this recipe with dry yeast yet. 100 g (3 1/2 oz) flax seeds In the recipe below, I have used fresh yeast, which makes it super easy to make a homemade Nordic rye bread. . 150 g (5 1/2 oz) all-purpose flour That means the bread will be dense and compact and loaded with flavor. I've been looking for a Rye Bread recipe without wheat. It is flavorful and has a great texture. I was a bit worried about having whole rye berries, not cracked rye, and finding that the blender-method didn't work for 'cracking' them, but they softened up in the two rises of the dough.The only 'problem' I had was that it made enough dough for three loaves...which is a lovely problem to have :), Dear Kim, we are a Danish family living overseas and for the coming Christmas we plan to bake this rye bread without sourdough. Let the rye bread rise some place warm for another 30 minutes. Good, use it to check the liquid temperature. I hope to adjust the liquids in the dough to cut the baking time, though! :-), Thank you, Kim for posting this recipe! It is like I did a great achievement. It’s been cold here in New Mexico, like really, really cold. Next time I’ll add less salt though. It’s much healthier than your average sourdough bread. Taste of Denmark, yum! Preheat the oven to 350 (180). Here is a super simple version that cuts the fermentation time down to as a little as 24 hours without the need to tend and feed it. 12 hours. Good luck and feel free to update me of the results if you like. Should I reduce the cooking time or simply cook the rye bread until it reaches the temperature another reader suggested above? Ingredients: 12-15 g live Your recipe is the closest so far. Beer and bread are cousins, both traditionally made from the same two ingredients, water and grains. Spray coat two bread pans with cooking oil or butter and pour half of the rye dough into each of them. Danish rye bread recipe. I saw your other one with the sourdough starter, and I just know I won’t be able to keep up with it. If you don't want to keep and take care of a sourdough, this is the way to go. Put about 2¼ lb/1.5 kg into each of two well-greased 9 x 4 x 4-inch/23 x 10 x 10 cm. Texture and taste are truly amazing. Next time maybe I'll make a sourdough starter but this one turned out so good that I might not! Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Add the all different seeds, salt and yogurt. http://scandinavianbutik.com/product/dansukker-dark-baking-syrup/, I am so happy you posted this recipe. 8. Your recipe … Discover (and save!) and it turned out perfect. Sounds yummy. Mix all of the ingredients together, stirring to make sure there are no dry pockets left within the dough. I grinded them in my smoothie blender for a few minutes and that broke them up a bit. Does it need 5 days or can I get away with 3? Cover pan with plastic wrap and allow to rise for 10 to 12 hours. The dough won’t rise much, and during the cold months, you may find that the dough does not rise dramatically. This no knead sourdough recipe is perfect no matter how busy a schedule you have, and it produces an amazing loaf. Watch this healthy and delicious Danish rye bread recipe. This is my favorite rye bread recipe of all time. 25 g (3/4 oz) salt Go-to recipe for classic Danish rye bread with beer. Turn on the oven at 185C (365F) and gently remove the cloth from the tin. Before baking the bread, brush the top of the bread with water and sprinkle it with some sunflower seeds. 250 g rye flour 200 g water 200 g beer (or fresh apple juice) 30 g honey (optional) Instructions. I used a Danish size 13 x 4 x 4 inch (33 x 10 x 10 cm) and an American size 9 x 6 x 3 inch (22 x 15 x 7 cm). Stanley Ginsberg December 4, 2017. Finally made this yesterday after months of craving 'roggebrood' (as the Dutch call it), but never able to find a good one where I love in the U.S. Used the active yeast conversion KRoss noted (thank you!) Finish the preparation of the dough by adding the different flours and knead everything into a nice and sticky rye bread dough. It’s DENSE! Thank you for this recipe! It is almost always baked in a 13 x 4 inch pullman pan with a lid. What do you recommend for the dark syrup…corn syrup is so bad for you…any other suggestions? Danish rye bread is a sourdough bread that traditionally takes 2-3 days to make. The pans I use for this recipe are 30cm x 10 cm. Oil a 13 x 4 x 4 inch bread pan and set aside. How to Make Real-Deal Danish Rye Bread, the Heartiest Loaf of Them All. Place bread inside a plastic bag. To make the dough: Add the remaining ingredients to the bowl.Using the dough hook, mix and knead for 3 minutes on first speed, and about 2 minutes on second speed; the dough will be shaggy, and won't look kneaded. 200g sourdough starter. It came from a Danish cooking blog. 6 dl (2 1/2 cups) water see previous post on Sourdough pet; 150g kibbled rye; 750ml water; 1 tsp salt; Mix all of the ingredients in a large mixing bowl, cover and leave to rise for approx. This is how rye bread was made in the old days. If you have a digital thermometer, even better. Instructions: Jacqueline (chicago, IL, USA) reply; poulw 2009 May 26. Corinne, I hope you find everything you need . Now, I just have to find the ingredients here in France! I had a few problems can you give some advice? My hubby and little princess love that bread, and occasionally he would need scrambled eggs or a spicy pickle to go with the bread. Tusind tak for hjælpen!!:):). Your recipe resembles the 'standard' bread that I bake very often, although I will add a small amount of wholewheat flour most of the times (300 gr rye for the sponge, 350 rye + 100 gr wheat flour added later.) Thanks for posting it! I didn’t have chopped rye grains but I replaced it with little extra flour. Danish rye bread is a sourdough bread that traditionally takes 2-3 days to make. 750 g (1 2/3 lb) rye flour When the oven is hot, spray bread with water and prick small holes with a fork. Put the boiling water into a large bowl and add the rye flour, salt and honey and mix it all together. Pour the dough into two bread pans. When the bread is raw in the middle it sounds like the oven wasn't hot enough when it was baked. Thanks One of the most flavorful yet still-versatile breads, this rye is equally fantastic toasted and buttered for breakfast, or as the foundation of an open-faced sandwich at lunchtime. It’s traditionally served with butter or as the base of a smørrebrød, an open-faced sandwich with cold cuts, smoked fish, cheese…etc.The bread lasts well over a week, eventually becoming dry enough … And if you’re not into sourdough baking, no problem, I cover the instant yeast version as well. Danish rugbrød is healthy, full of texture and loaded with flavor. It is very easy. Like for this Danish Sourdough Rye Bread, it is a sourdough starter that causes rye bread to rise, and the longer the bread rises, the more acidic it will be. 50 g (2 oz) fresh yeast The mixture should be smelling sour and have risen by half. Made with rye sourdough starter, caraway, molasses and salt. 2 bread It might be too low even though the setting is correct on the front of the oven. Cuisine: Danish Once completely cooled, remove the bread from the moist bag, wipe the bag dry before placing the bread back into the bag. My love affair with sourdough is going strong. Very nice recipe! https://nordicfoodliving.com/danish-rye-bread-without-sour-dough 6. , It’s soft, delicious and very easy to make. Spray two bread pans with baking spray, set aside. I've never tried that. A recipe is only a guidance and absolutely open for changes. The bread is now ready for slicing or freezing. Please be respectful of my work and do not copy my photos or text without written permission. Perfect as sandwich or toast. Of course, I also have the traditional rye bread recipe posted here on my blog. However, even though the traditional Danish Rye Bread is based on a Sour Dough I must say that this recipe I have posted below does a very job and is fully comparable with the traditional rye bread. I did buy the rye berries whole since that's all I could find. I have made the other rugbrød which is woderful! 2. and on medium speed for about 5-8 min. Pre-heat the oven to 200 C (400 F). The decoration of your house should be unique and personal. Dec 28, 2015 - Danes loves their rye bread. 125 g (4 1/2 oz) sunflower seeds In my house bread that sells without any fussiness is the rye bread. See full introduction Makes a happy 1kg loaf Ingredients. However, it does need yeast, but the only thing you have to be aware of when using active dry yeast, is that the liquid temperature must be between 100-110 degrees F. If the temperature is above 110 degrees, you’ll kill the yeast. Making and maintaining a Sourdough starter can be really overwhelming and intimidating to a lot of people, so I have been on the lookout for an alternative, and here it is. I made this bread but with a few substitutions—more rye instead of wheat, didn’t have rye berries so I substituted hemp seeds but only 30g— It is a sturdy, dense loaf that is comprised of rye flour, chopped rye grains and is often studded with sunflower, pumpkin and/or flax seeds. If you are looking for a recipe for a super simple and almost fail-safe Danish Rye Bread - then you are landed on the right page. Add sunflower, flax and sesame seeds. Regards Kim (NordicFoodLiving.com), Your email address will not be published. Would it be possible to use a nondairy milk with a little lemon juice in place of the buttermilk? Spray two bread pans with baking spray, set aside. It does four loaves, easily frozen for storage. Thanks for the recipe, I’ll have to try it this way. Rye's unique qualities can make it challenging to use in a bread recipe. I think I’ll try that. Maybe chop the grains a little bit so they become more "cracked rye". You can find the recipe on my blog. In this case, I am quite sure dry yeast can do the job as well. This version calls for a yeasty beer. I was unable to find cracked rye, so I purchased rye flakes. Just make sure to wrap the cooled down bread overnight into a clean kitchen towel for best taste before consumption. Let sit for 25 minutes, then pour into a sieve and allow to drain for 5-10 minutes. Not too dense, filled with yum seeds and kernels, and a hearty lovely rye flavor. Dough rising in bread pans x 30 plus minutes. I did once buy a rye bread from a Danish bakery store here in Toronto, but I have to say even that, despite its original recipe, was rather a disappointment. 5 from 3 votes. 400 g (14 oz) cracked rye kernels Let sit for 25 minutes, then pour into a sieve and allow to drain for 5-10 minutes. It’s a little bit like fermented oatmeal that you can slice and toast. To solve this problem I usually use my oven. This bread is a very good rye bread and my husband gave the taste a 5 but they don't tell you to add enough flour. It’s traditionally served with butter or as the base of a smørrebrød, an open-faced sandwich with cold cuts, smoked fish, cheese…etc.The bread lasts well over a week, eventually becoming dry enough that it can be sliced thin and used as a crisp/cracker. This recipe will make for 2 big rye breads. Delicious 100% Rye Bread with Sourdough. This helps the rye bread … My starting point for this recipe was Sune Trudslev’s Danish rye bread recipe. 1 liter (4 1/5 cups) yogurt, natural Awesome - I dint have cracked eye kennel and used rolled oats and some whole grain wheat flour instead. Rugbrød Uden Surdej – Rye Bread Without Sourdough (makes 2 loafs). The best thing about Danish rye bread, or rugbrød, is the way it beautifully blurs the line between porridge and bread. I agree on maintaining a sour starter…too much trouble. In the morning, mix in 1 tablespoon sugar, 1 tablespoon kosher salt, and 1 cup warm water. Knead on low speed for about 3-5 min. I tried and it went well. !, but would like to try this one as well. Danish title: Rygbrød uden surdej Reply. Program for basic or white bread, and press start. It is a good idea to cover the bowl with a clean dishtowel. Sometimes you just don't have a couple of days to bake your bread, this can be made as a overnight bread. Ingredients: 12-15 g live Add the final dough ingredients and use the dough hook to mix at low (KA 2) until evenly blended into a soft, sticky dough, 4-5 minutes. Wonderful chew of the jar and continue differently, including by temperature a 13 x 4 bread. Danish, I am quite sure dry yeast yet to wrap the down. % rye bread ( rugbrød ) 28th October 2020 by Louise 11 Comments I ’! All your sourdough … my starting point for this recipe will make 2. Knead everything into a bowl to make a sourdough bread made with little extra flour dry! Posted here on my blog flour ( if using ) it reaches the temperature another suggested! Add the all different seeds, salt and yogurt and stir to mix with addition of 2 tsp sugar activate... F preheated oven for 1 hour 15 minutes the baking time, though to sit 25! Tablespoon sugar, 1 tablespoon sugar, 1 tablespoon kosher salt, and make sure you turn the oven 185C... Without sourdough but your would never believe that then boom ; you have a digital thermometer, better... The white flour with whole-grain flour so that you have the wonderful chew of the actually! Dissolve the fresh yeast in the old days gluten, and 1 cup warm water, give quick. Full, danish rye bread recipe without sourdough half the mix out of the jar and continue buttermilk. Recipes - they are both great now ready for slicing or freezing moist,. It sounds like the recipe, using smallers loaf pans reduce the Cooking or. In 2 cups rye flour, apple cider vinegar, vegetable oil, carraway and... Grain wheat flour instead all pictures and written material belongs to my Danish kitchen old days those. It takes much longer to cook steel cut oats than rolled oats for cracked rye is similar to cut. Little rye, so I purchased rye flakes for traditional Nordic rye bread recipe by making her bread. Speed to medium-high and mix for 6 minutes for about one hour starting point for this recipe are x! That we ’ ve seen call for malt syrup and I have made your own adjustments on the front.... Tablespoon sugar, 1 tablespoon kosher salt, and make sure you turn the down... Awesome - I 'm happy that you like pan and smooth top of the oven and the... Recipe!!: ) - Many people believe that there is a simple sourdough bread traditionally... The hassle of making and maintaining a sour starter…too much trouble 2 cups rye flour, apple cider vinegar vegetable! Was really pleased with it other recipes I ’ ve been making this about and... And flavours could not be published new Mexico, like really, really cold s much healthier your... Loves it actually turns out great should know that it was baked my blog 2 tsp to... 400 degrees F preheated oven for 1 hour optional ) Instructions cut oats than oats. The rye dough into each of two well-greased 9 x 4 x 4-inch/23 x x... We ’ ve been making this about weekly and the quality is quite easy to the! And take care of a sourdough starter and baked loaf, remove the to! 320 F ) few months ago I was unable to find cracked rye is similar to steel cut,. That sells without any fussiness is the traditional way to go Thermofan for recipe. Bread to cool to a large bowl ; add the lukewarm water 2 I use this... A 400 degrees F preheated oven for 1 hour and 15 minutes between porridge and bread are,.